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It is the fourth-largest city in the state and is the seat of Santa Fe County.
This area was occupied for at least several hundred years by indigenous peoples who built villages.
The city of Santa Fe, founded by Spanish colonists in 1610, is known as the oldest state capital city in the United States and the oldest city in New Mexico.
Santa Fe meaning "holy faith" in Spanish had a population of 69,204 in 2012.
It is the principal city of a Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Santa Fe County and is part of the larger Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas Combined Statistical Area.
The city's full name when founded was La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís "The Royal Town of the Holy Faith of St.
History Spain and Mexico Main article: Santa Fe de Nuevo México The area of Santa Fe was originally occupied by indigenous people, who had built a number of Pueblo villages about 1050 to 1150.
One of the earliest known settlements in what today is downtown Santa Fe came sometime after 900.
A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today's Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west; the village was called Ogapoge.
The people settled along the Santa Fe River for its water and transportation.
The river had a year-round flow until the 1700s.
By the 20th century the Santa Fe River was a seasonal waterway.
As of 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers.
Don Juan navajo casinos wikipedia Oñate led the first European effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain.
Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo.
New Mexico's second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at navajo casinos wikipedia foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607, which he called La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís, the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi.
In 1610, he designated it as the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.
Santa Fe, 1846—1847 As a result of the Pueblo Revolt, the native Pueblo people drove the Spaniards out of the area known as New Mexico, maintaining independence from 1680 to 1692, when the territory was reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas.
Santa Fe remained Spain's provincial seat until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810.
It was considered important to fur traders based in present-day Saint Louis, Atlantic in closing city what is casino />When the area was still under Spanish rule, the Chouteau brothers of Saint Louis gained a monopoly on the fur trade, before the United States acquired Missouri under the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.
The fur trade contributed to the wealth of St.
The city's status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution after Mexico achieved independence from Spain.
United States The Republic of Texas map showing lands claimed by Texas after 1836 and present-day outlines of states superimposed on the boundaries of 1836—1845.
When the Republic of Texas seceded from Mexico in 1836, it claimed Santa Fe as part of the western portion of Texas along the Rio Grande.
In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, intending to take control of the Santa Fe Trail.
Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was easily captured by the Mexican army.
In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico.
Brigadier General Stephen W.
Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into Santa Fe to claim it and the whole New Mexico Territory for the United States.
By 1848 the U.
Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled "Spain 1776.
Some American visitors at first saw little promise in the remote town.
One traveler in 1849 wrote: I can hardly imagine how Santa Fe is supported.
The country around it is barren.
At the North stands a snow-capped mountain while the valley in which the town is situated is drab and sandy.
The streets are narrow.
A Mexican will walk about town all day to sell a bundle of grass see more about a dime.
They are the poorest looking people I ever saw.
They subsist principally on mutton, onions and red pepper.
In 1851, Jean Baptiste Lamy arrived, becoming bishop of New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Colorado in 1853.
During his leadership, he traveled to France, Rome, Tucson, Los Angeles, St.
Louis, New Orleans, and Mexico City.
He built the Santa Fe Navajo casinos wikipedia Francis Cathedral and shaped Catholicism in the region until his death in 1888.
As part of the New Mexico Campaign of the Civil War, General Henry Sibley occupied the city, flying the Confederate flag over Santa Fe for a few days in March 1862.
Sibley visit web page forced to withdraw after Union troops destroyed navajo casinos wikipedia logistical trains following the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
The Santa Fe National Cemetery was created by the federal government after the war in read more to inter the Union soldiers who died fighting there.
On October 21, 1887, Anton Docher, "The Padre of Isleta", went to New Mexico where he was ordained as a priest in the St Francis Cathedral of Santa Fe by Bishop Jean-Baptiste Salpointe.
After a few years serving in Santa Fe, Bernalillo and in Taos.
He wrote an ethnological article published in The Santa Fé Magazine in June 1913, in which he describes early 20th century life in the Pueblos.
The re-construction of the St.
Francis Cathedral with the plaza visible 1885 As railroads were extended into the West, Santa Fe was originally envisioned as an important stop on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.
But as the tracks were constructed into New Mexico, the civil engineers decided that it was more practical to go through Lamy, a https://krimket.com/casino/louisiana-casinos-texas-holdem.html in Santa Fe County to the south of Santa Fe.
A branch line was completed from Lamy to Santa Fe in 1880.
The Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad extended the narrow gauge Chili Line from the nearby city of Española to Santa Fe in 1886.
Neither were sufficient to offset the negative effects of Santa Fe having been bypassed by the main railroad route.
It suffered gradual economic decline into the early 20th century.
Activists created a number wild casino mobile resources for the arts and archaeology, notably the School of American Research, created in 1907 under the leadership of the prominent archaeologist Edgar Lee Hewett.
In the early 20th century, Santa Fe became a base for numerous writers and artists.
The first airplane to fly over Santa Fe was piloted by Rose Dugan, carrying Vera von Blumenthal as passenger.
Together the two women started the development of the Pueblo Navajo casinos wikipedia pottery navajo casinos wikipedia, helping native women to market their wares.
They contributed to the founding of the annual Santa Fe Indian Market.
In 1912, New Mexico was admitted as the United States of America's 47th state, with Santa Fe as its capital.
The plan anticipated limited future growth, considered the scarcity of water, and recognized the future prospects of suburban development on doesn't echeck mobile casino what outskirts.
The planners foresaw conflicts between preservationists and scientific planners.
They set forth the principle that historic streets and structures be preserved and that new development must be in harmony with the city's character.
Artists and tourists After the mainline of the railroad bypassed Santa Fe, it lost population.
However artists and navajo casinos wikipedia, as well as retirees, were attracted to the cultural richness of the area, the beauty of the landscapes, and its dry climate.
Local leaders began promoting the city as a tourist attraction.
The city sponsored architectural restoration projects and erected new buildings according to traditional techniques and styles, thus creating the Santa Fe Style.
Hewett, founder and first director of the School of American Research and the Museum of New Mexico in Santa Fe, was a leading promoter.
He began the Santa Fe Fiesta in 1919 and the Southwest Indian Fair in 1922 now known as the Indian Market.
When he tried to attract a summer program for Texas women, many artists rebelled saying the city should not promote artificial tourism at the expense of its artistic culture.
The writers and artists formed the Old Santa Fe Association and defeated the plan.
Twin Arrows Navajo Casino Resort
The Navajo Nation says its Northern Edge Navajo Casino will open for business Jan. 16. The 86000-square-foot casino borders Farmington in ...
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