How to win at blackjack (21) with gambling expert Michael "Wizard of Odds" Shackleford
Picture cards count as 10 and the ace can count as either 1 or 11.
Card suits have no meaning in blackjack.
Picture cards count as 10 and the ace can count as either 1 or 11.
Card suits have no meaning in blackjack.
The total of any hand is the sum of the card values in the hand.
A hand containing a 4-5-8 totals 17.
Another containing a queen-5 totals 15.
https://krimket.com/blackjack/statistical-blackjack-analyzer.html is always assumed that the ace counts as 11 unless so doing would make your hand total exceed 21, in which case the ace reverts to a value of 1.
So if a player was dealt a 10-6, drew one more card which was a 9, the player busted i.
HARD VS SOFT HAND A hard hand is any hand that either does not contain an ace, of if it does, counts the ace as 1.
For example, 10-8 is a hard 18; 5-A-10-2 read article a hard 18.
Any hand that contains an ace that counts as 11 is known as a soft hand.
For example A-5 is a soft 16; A-2-5 is a soft 18; and 3-2-A-3 is a soft 19.
When you receive your first two cards and one of them is an ace, count the ace as 11.
Often when you are dealt a soft hand and draw more cards your hand will convert to a hard hand.
For example, suppose a player is dealt a 5-A which is a soft 16, and he draws another card.
Suppose the draw card was a 6.
The player now has a hard 12 i.
The reason you need to know the difference between a hard and soft hand in blackjack is because the playing strategy is often different even though the total of the hand is the same.
For example, a 10-6 hard 16 is played differently than an A-5 soft 16.
BLACKJACK BETTING RULES Blackjack is played on a semi-circular table covered with a felt cloth that usually seats up to a maximum of 7 players.
There will be circle, or sometimes a square box, known as the read more spot, in front of each player in which the wager, using casino chips, is placed.
A trained casino dealer is responsible for dealing the cards by strict casino protocols, collecting losing player bets, paying off winning bets, and generally keeping the game moving along at an acceptable pace.
In most casinos, cash is not used to make bets.
The dealer will convert your cash into chips and slide the chips toward you.
Be sure to place the chips neatly stacked in front of you.
Most casinos allow players to play more than one hand per round, assuming there are empty spots on the table.
If a player does this, he must make a wager in each betting spot that he wishes to receive a hand.
In blackjack poker game rules uk casinos, a player is required to wager double the table minimum on each hand when playing more than one hand.
CHIP VALUE In most casinos, chips are color coded to signify their denomination although usually the value is imprinted on the chip, as well.
So before you sit down to play, be sure to check the betting limits posted on the table.
Prior to the deal of the cards, all players must make a bet by placing chips in their respective betting boxes.
Every player and the dealer will receive two cards.
The two player cards can be dealt either face up, or face down.
In this case you should not handle the cards.
In games in which the dealer deals from the hand by pitching the cards to the players single- or double-deck gamesthe player cards are usually dealt both face down.
In these games it is permissible for the player to handle the cards with one hand only, and the calculator app must always be above the table.
THIS INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING PLAYING OPTIONS: HITTING RULES This means you want the dealer to give another card to your hand.
In shoe games, indicate to the dealer that you want a hit by making a beckoning motion with your finger or tapping the table behind your cards with your finger.
In hand-held games, scratch the edges of the cards in your hand lightly on the felt.
PAIR SPLITTING RULES If you have two like cards e.
When you split, you must make another bet equal to your original bet, just place your chip next to the original chip bet on the hand.
When you pair split, you are playing each card as a separate hand and you can draw as many cards as you like to each hand, except split aces; most casinos will allow only one draw card to each ace.
For example, if you were dealt a pair of 8s, and split, you would have two separate hands with a count of 8 in each hand.
You are required to play out one of the split hands on your right first to completion before the other.
In shoe games, you indicate that you want to split by placing another chip next to the original chip.
For hand-held games, toss the two cards you want to split face up on the layout and then make the secondary wager.
Most casinos will also allow players to split any 10-value cards such as a jack-ten or queen-king, although, as you will soonthis is not a recommended playing strategy.
STANDING RULES This means you are satisfied with the total of the hand and want to stand with the cards you have.
In shoe games, indicate that you want to stand by waving your hand over the cards, palm down.
In click to see more games, tuck your cards under the chips that you have in the betting box.
DOUBLING DOWN RULES This playing option allows you to double your initial bet in return for receiving one and only one draw card.
In most casinos, you can only double down after you receive your first two cards and before drawing another card.
To signal the dealer that you want to double down in shoe-dealt games, just place your chip next to the original chip bet on the hand.
In hand-held games, toss your cards on the table face-up and then make the secondary bet.
Casinos will allow you to double down for less than your original wager, but asthat is not a good bet.
SURRENDER RULES This playing option is sometimes permitted.
It allows a player to forfeit the hand immediately with an automatic loss of half the original bet.
Once a player draws a card, the surrender option is no longer available.
If the dealer has a blackjack hand, then surrender is not available.
The player is no longer involved in that round.
Another type of surrender is sometimes offered and it is known as early surrender.
Here players can surrender their hand before the dealer checks her hole card for a blackjack.
Early surrender is a more favorable player option than late surrender.
Players can make an insurance bet less than or equal to one-half of the initial bet made on the hand.
You win your insurance bet if the dealer has a ten-value card in the hole.
A winning insurance bet pays off at 2 to 1 odds.
Taking even money yields the same result as making an insurance bet on your blackjack hand.
Casino rules specify that a dealer must draw if her hand totals less than 17 and stand when the total is 17 to 21.
In some casinos, dealers must stand on soft 17 and in others they must hit.
If the player and dealer have the same total, the hand is a tie, or push, and the player retains his bet.
If you are a beginner, I strongly encourage you to read the next section that covers tips on blackjack playing etiquette.
The casino game of blackjack has its procedures, codes of conduct, and playing strategies.
The procedures are essential to ensure the security and integrity of the game.
What follows is a list of common faux pas made by novice players so that you will avoid making them.
HANDING MONEY DIRECTLY TO THE DEALER All cash transactions must be visible to the security cameras, so always place your cash on the layout outside of your betting spot, and then tell the dealer what denomination chips you want.
HOLDING THE CARDS WITH TWO HANDS In games where the cards are dealt face down, usually single- and double-deck games, be sure to pick up the cards with one hand, not two.
TOUCHING THE CARDS When four or more decks of cards are used, they are usually dealt face up to each player from a dealing shoe.
The reason the cards are dealt face up is two-fold.
REMOVING THE CARDS FROM THE TABLE The cards in your hand must always be in full view of the dealer and the security cameras.
Therefore, you should never, for example, hold them in your lap or below the level of the table.
For security reasons, you must always use hand signals, not words to signify to the dealer how you want to play your hand.
If your hand gestures do not match what you say, it can be considered duplicitous or deliberately misleading, so stick to hand signals not words.
PLACING A HIGHER DENOMINATION Blackjack poker game rules uk ON TOP OF A LOWER DENOMINATION CHIP IN YOUR BETTING SPOT If you are wagering two or more different denomination chips, always place the higher denomination chip on the bottom of the stack.
The reason is that most players have the irrational superstition that a new player entering in the middle of a shoe will change the flow of the cards on subsequent hands, causing them to lose.
SMOKING If you are a smoker, be courteous to your fellow players and the dealer by not blowing smoke in their direction.
So why play blackjack?
A typical American roulette wheel has 38 numbers — 1 through 36 plus 0 and 00.
Suppose you place a bet on your lucky number 7.
Mathematically you have a 1 in 38 chance that the roulette ball will land on 7.
The odds are constant and do not change, regardless of the results of previous spins.
The roulette ball, if you wish, has no memory.
But the game of blackjack offers players a ray of hope.
Let me explain by way of another example.
BLACKJACK DEPENDENCY Suppose you sat down at a single-deck game and waited for the dealer to complete the shuffling of the cards before you made your first bet.
What are the chances that you will be dealt a blackjack two-card hand of ace and a ten-valued card?
Mathematically you have about a 1 in 21 chance of being dealt a blackjack.
Now suppose during the play of the first round you noticed that four aces had been dealt.
At the start of the second round, what is your chance of getting a blackjack?
In other words, your chances of winning a particular hand are quite dependent upon what cards were played in the previous rounds, meaning that blackjack is a game based on dependent trial processes.
BLACKJACK IS A GAME OF SKILL As you will learn in subsequent chapters, the mix of the previously played cards has a great influence on your chance of winning the next hand.
This concept may seem complicated now but it will become much clearer in subsequent chapters.
This is not possible for any other casino game.
Yes, you read that right.
You can reduce the house edge to virtually zero, or even enjoy a slight edge, by learning how to play your hands and how much to bet on each hand.
You are dealt a 9-6, you draw another card and receive a 7, giving you a 22, and subsequently the dealer also ends up with a 22.
Once again, you both have the same total, but guess what?
Unlike the previous push when you both had 17, this time, because you busted i.
Players have to draw first, and if they bust, they automatically lose regardless if the dealer subsequently busts in the same round.
The dealer and player each would have about a 28.
PLAYER ADVANTAGES Fortunately, not all is equal when you play blackjack.
Players have certain advantages and options that are not available to the dealer.
This bonus 3 to 2 payout for the player cuts about 2.
USING THE PROPER HITTING AND STANDING STRATEGIES By knowing the propera player can whittle another 3.
Remember that players can stand or hit as they wish, unlike the dealer who must always stand on 17-21 and hit 16 or less.
USING THE PROPER DOUBLING AND PAIR SPLITTING STRATEGIES If you learn the right strategies foryou can whittle another 1.
This leaves the house with about a 0.
this web page percentages vary slightly based on the number of decks of cards and the playing rules.
Hopefully you see how crucial correct standing, doubling, and splitting are toward your goal of minimizing the house edge.
In fact, most of the time that you double or split will be when the dealer has a small upcard 2—6.
The reason is that the dealer will bust about 40% of the time when she shows a small card, thus increasing your chances of winning the double down or split hands.
VALUE OF LEARNING THE CORRECT PLAYING STRATEGY What follows is an example of how much money you can save by learning the correct playing strategies.
A player who mimics the dealer but gets 3 to 2 on blackjack hands would face a 5.
CAN A PLAYER DO BETTER?
There have been many subtle— and some major— changes to the game throughout its long and provocative history.
FRENCH PLAY VINGT-ET-UN The origins of blackjack are not entirely clear.
It began showing up in French casinos around 1700.
The rules for vingt-et-un differ from blackjack as we know it.
Moreover, if the dealer got a natural, players would pay him triple.
Nevertheless, there are some striking similarities with modern blackjack; namely, the hand-ranking system and the goal of https://krimket.com/blackjack/online-casino-blackjack-surrender.html to achieve 21.
A player automatically lost when his hand exceeded 7.
It is widely believed that the blackjack term busted was derived from this game.
The objective was to get closest to 31 with three cards in the same suit.
Casino managers smartly realized this was too big an edge for them, so they implemented some player-favorable rules.
These included paying 3-to-2 on a blackjack, and allowing players to double down and split pairs.
The dealer, on the other hand, had no options: she was required to hit on 16 or less, and stand on 17 through 21.
These rule changes increased the popularity of blackjack, even though the math of the game remained a mystery, because many casino owners believed the game was simply too complicated to be mathematically analyzed.
But that notion changed in 1956.
These pioneers proved that blackjack offered the best odds of winning if players would blackjack poker game rules uk a specific set of playing rules.
Their work was published in 1956 in the Journal of the American Statistical Society, and then, a year later, in the book Playing Blackjack to Win.
Although the Four Horsemen were not widely known by the general public, their peers recognized their accomplishments in 2008 by inducting them into the Blackjack Hall of Fame.
The most notable was Jess Marcum, a nuclear physicist for the Rand Corporation, who quit his job to play professionally.
However, it was Dr.
Players balked at these changes and stopped playing.
The casinos had no choice but to revert back to the standard blackjack rules with one major, but important, change: instead of dealing a hand-held, single-deck game, many switched to a four-deck game that was dealt from a dealing shoe.
The public accepted this change, and, for the first time, multiple-deck blackjack games became more or less the norm in casinos.
But, even though his Ten Count worked, the public found it blackjack poker game rules uk complicated, and many reverted to their old ways of playing.
When blackjack was first introduced in casinos, it was dealt with a single deck of cards.
The dealer manually shuffled the cards, and they were pitched to players face down.
Players would pick up their cards to look at them, and then either tucked their cards under their chips, or scraped them on the felt towards themselves to indicate to the dealer if they wanted to stand or hit.
Untied player blackjack hands received a 3-to-2 payoff.
In the very early days, the dealers would always stand on soft 17, and players could double down on any two cards and after pair splitting.
This is not possible for any other casino game.
Players balked and stopped playing.
Casinos had no choice but to revert back to the standard rules with one major change: many switched from a hand-held single-deck game to four-deck games dealt from a dealing shoe.
TEST YOURSELF Try answering the following questions based on the information in Chapter 1.
The name of his best-selling book was Beat the Dealer.
You may hold the cards with visit web page one hand, and the cards must be above the level of the table at all times.
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